5 Weird And Interesting Medical Breakthroughs in 2022

Last Updated on January 1, 2023 by Dr Bucho

Medical Breakthroughs in 2022: Many times, science develops slowly through the incremental accumulation of knowledge. This is especially true in the field of medicine, where modestly focused research discoveries made one year may or may not result in significantly life-altering new medications decades later.

The value of health research to society is enormous. It can offer crucial information on illness trends and risk factors, treatment outcomes or public health actions, functional skills, care patterns, and costs and utilization of healthcare services. The various research methodologies offer complementary perspectives. Clinical trials can be used to compare and improve the usage of medications, vaccines, medical devices, and diagnostics by controlling the factors that could affect the study’s outcomes. However, input from real-world clinical experience is also essential for this process.

1. Fecal transplants are officially recognized as a Medical Procedure.

Medical Breakthroughs in 2022

Fecal transplant therapy is a medical procedure intended to treat a serious bacterial illness and the therapy first received approval from Australia’s Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) in the whole world. The biotechnology business BiomeBank received permission for its “microbiome-based therapeutic product” known as BIOMICTRA. The treatment is only expressly approved to treat infections caused by the Clostridioides difficile bacteria, or C. diff.

The US Food and Drug Administration issued a similar approval shortly after the Australian approval. The FDA has approved Ferring Pharmaceuticals’ faecal transplant medicine for use in the United States, which targets the same pathogen.

2. Multiple Sclerosis is triggered by a viral infection

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Although It is still unclear how the viral infection could be triggering MS but researchers hypothesize an Epstein-Barr virus vaccine may prevent the neurological disease from developing in the first place. Scientists have speculated that a viral infection could cause MS, a neurological condition. Just last year, Few studies found considerable correlations.

The study focused on 801 troops who received an MS diagnosis while they were serving. All except one of those patients had EBV testing results that were positive before receiving an MS diagnosis.

3. First-ever recording of dying human Brain

An 87-year-old man with epilepsy, his brain waves were monitored by an EEG to look out for seizures when the patient unexpectedly suffered a heart attack and passed away. This prompted the scientists to capture 15 minutes of brain activity just before death.

Gamma oscillations, a kind of brain waves, showed enhanced activity during the 30 seconds either side of when the heart stopped beating. These play a part in activities like dreaming, meditation, and memory retrieval, providing a window into what a person might be going through in their final moments.

4. World-first pig-to-human heart transplant

David Bennett, a 57-year-old man with a fatal cardiac condition, was the recipient of the transplant. Bennett was given the experimental procedure as a last resort because he was too ill to be a candidate for a standard heart transplant.

Before succumbing to heart failure, Bennett lived with the pig heart for over two months. Bennett’s death is still being investigated by the scientists who developed the surgery, as an initial review found no conventional indicators of organ rejection.

 Medical Breakthroughs in 2022
Image by Sasin Tipchai from Pixabay

5. Global effort realizes first 100% complete sequence of the Human genome

The Human Genome Project has been active for many years, publishing its “full” genome in 2003 after publishing its initial draught in 2000. However, only the euchromatic sections, which make up around 92% of the entire genome, were included. The full human genome, which consists of about 3 billion bases, has now been sequenced in its entirety without any gaps after an additional twenty years of study and technological improvements.

In other 2022 genetic study news, the results of a 20-year lab study, one of the biggest and longest-running in the world, were eventually published.

Medical Breakthroughs in 2022

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